20 Oil Changing Tips

  1. Park vehicle on level surface, set emergency brake and switch off engine. If necessary, raise front of car by driving it onto a ramp or by jacking it up and supporting it with jack stands.
  2. Open the hood.
  3. Find the engine oil dipstick and pull it out (helps the oil flow when draining).
  4. Once the vehicle is safely and firmly supported, grab your safety glasses, crawl below the vehicle and find the engine’s oil pan. (See owner’s manual for reference.)
  5. Then find the oil drain plug, that may be a long bolt head at the very bottom of the pan. The drain plug permits the oil to empty out of the pan. (Note: Some vehicles have 2 drain plugs.)
  6. Position a drain pan, like an approved oil catch pan, below the drain plug. ensure the catch pan is sufficient enough to hold the quantity of oil expected to come out of the engine. Check your owner’s manual for the quantity of oil that your automobile holds.
  7. Loosen the drain plug with a box-end wrench or 6-pt. socket. carefully loosen the plug by hand, ensuring the catch pan is beneath the plug hole. Oil can flow quickly from the outlet, however allow a few minutes for all the old oil to empty out. (See vehicle owner’s manual for extra info.) CAUTION: OIL could also be HOT
  8. Wipe the oil pan threads and oil drain plug with a rag, and visually examine the condition of the oil pan and oil drain plug threads and seal. get a replacement drain plug if you’ve got any issues regarding the condition of the plug. Replace the drain plug seal if required (some OEMs suggest this). Once the oil is finished draining, instal the oil drain plug and tighten with the proper box-end wrench or 6-pt. socket to the manufacturer-specified force. (See owner’s manual.)
  9. Find the filter. If the previous and new oil filters aren’t the same, check the application to make sure you’ve got the proper filter. (See vehicle’s owner’s manual for extra info.)
  10. Position an oil catch pan below the oil filter to catch any residual oil remaining in the filter.
  11. Loosen the filter or oil filter cap with oil filter wrench, and permit the oil to empty from the it.
  12. remove the filter. Check to make certain the filter seal has come off with the filter. If it’s still clinging to the engine mounting plate, remove it and any remaining residue.
  13. Place a lightweight coating of oil on the seal of the new filter so it’ll install smoothly onto the engine. (Note: don’t use grease!) By hand, install the new filter onto the engine by turning in a clockwise direction. Once the filter seal first contacts the mounting plate gasket surface, tighten the filter in line with the directions for your application (usually found on the new filter or oil filter box), ideally by hand. Generally, this is often three-quarters to 1 full turn when the filter seal contacts the engine. (NOTE: Cartridge filter replacement procedures might vary. See owner’s or service manual for directions.)
  14. Check under the hood, remove the oil fill cap and pour in the correct quantity of oil of the proper viscosity with a funnel. (See vehicle’s owner’s manual for suggested grade, specification and quantity.)
  15. Replace the oil fill cap.
  16. Start the engine and run at idle for minimum of thirty seconds. carefully examine under the vehicle for oil leaks (especially by oil drain plug and oil filter). If leaks are visible, shut off the engine at once and have the leaks repaired.
  17. Shut off the engine and allow thirty seconds for oil to settle in the engine. carefully examine the area below the vehicle for oil leaks.
  18. Safely lower the vehicle to level ground.
  19. Install and remove the oil dipstick and check for the right oil level, adding additional oil if necessary. (See the vehicle’s owner’s manual for oil capability and suggested oil level on gauge.)
  20. Repeat oil change with oil as directed by manufacturer’s guidelines.

These directions are meant as general pointers. Please consult your owner’s or service manual for specific directions on changing the oil and filter on your vehicle. Use extreme caution when lifting or jacking any vehicle.